TUTORIAL: Use Bus/Vector notation for signal bundles / arrays of instances

XSCHEM has the ability to use a compact notation to represent signal bundles. There is no specific 'bus' entity, in XSCHEM a bus is simply a wire with a label representing a bundle of bits, the syntax is explained below. Normally a net label assigns a name to a wire, for example 'ENABLE', 'RESET', 'CLK' and so on, however more complex formats are available to describe multiple bits.

All the above notations are perfectly valid label net name attributes.
In a very similar way multiple instances can be placed in a schematic setting the 'name' attribute to a vector notation.
For example in picture below x22[15:0] represents 16 inverters with names x22[15],x22[14],...,x22[0].

Recently a new notation has been added for buses that expands without putting brackets:

In following picture there is a main 72 bit bus (the vertical thick wire) and bus ripper symbols (devices/bus_connect_nolab.sym) are used to take slices of bits from the main bus. Wire labels are used to define bus slices. To display thick wires for busses, select all wire segments, then press 'q' and add attribute bus=true.

following picture shows an istantiation of 6 inverters:

The generated spice netlist is the following:

xinv5 BB0 AA5 bf
xinv4 BB1 AA4 bf
xinv3 BB2 AA3 bf
xinv2 BB3 AA2 bf
xinv1 BB4 AA1 bf
xinv0 BB5 AA0 bf

Example of a more complex bus routing. main bus is a bundle of 2 buses: DATA_A[0..15] and DATA_B[0..15]